Let us look at the Hebrew word for soul. As in the case for Eskimos where there are 6 words for snow, so the Kabala separates the soul into five words or elements, corresponding to the five worlds: נשמה neshamah is the connecting force between man and God. It sits in the mind and relates to the intellect and the awareness of God. נפש nephesh is related to natural instinct; it is conceived as the ‘bodily soul’ and is located in the physical body: the two together are the two primary elements of the soul in the human body and correspond to the Jungian concept of anima and animus. רוח ruach (literally "wind") is related to emotion and morality; חיה chaya (literally "life") is considered a part of God and יחידה yechidah (literally "singularity") is essentially one with God. Chaya and Yechidah are said to be external to the human body.

The neshamah is identified with the word breath, neshemah, and contains the same Hebrew root nun-shin-mem נשמ . The Gematrical value of נשמ is 390 and is the same as Heaven (Shemayim shin-mem-yod-mem שמים) and which identifies the link of the neshamah as a connecting force between Heaven and man. So we find in Genesis 2:7 "And the LORD God formed man [of] the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul (nephesh)." So we see the entry of breath (i.e. the neshemah) as an energy force from heaven to make man a living soul.

The same concept is seen in the term Prana in Sanskrit and Qi in Chinese philosophy which is the life force or energy commuting between heaven and earth such as identified in Yoga and Qi Gong, Tai Qi etc..



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